Choose the Right Shovel
A lot of stress can be placed on the spine due to bending, twisting, and lifting. Pick a shovel that is lighter in weight and has an adjustable handle length so that you may prevent unnecessary bending stresses on the spine.
Use Proper Body Mechanics
Don’t lift from your back! Always lift from your legs, almost like you’re completing a squat. Allow your powerful quad muscles to do most of the lifting, which will help to reduce stress and strain on the back.
Push instead of Lifting
When possible try to push the snow instead of lifting it up and tossing it on the snowbank. This will help to reduce muscle strains and sprains that are a result of improper lifting and twisting techniques.
Prevent Slips and Falls
To be proactive, lay down a nice layer of salt where possible to help melt away icy patches and reduce the likelihood of a fall. Wear proper footwear that has sufficient traction on the sole.
Keep up with the snow, a few inches at a time. Try to shovel a little bit at a time as the snow piles up, instead of removing all snow at once. Shoveling two inches is a lot better than shoveling that foot of snow. This will also allow you time to warm up indoors, take a break and stretch before shoveling again.