As we head into the dog days of summer, the weather is heating up. For the nearly 5 million people in the United States with Fibromyalgia, they might experience a different kind of heat – the burning pain that typically comes along with this diagnosis.

What is Fibromyalgia?

Fibromyalgia is a chronic condition that can cause a wide range of symptoms throughout the body. It’s usually diagnosed between the ages of 30 and 50, and 80% to 90% of the people affected are women.

The most commons of Fibromyalgia are:

  • Chronic pain all over the body
  • Fatigue
  • Memory problems
  • Sleep disturbances
  • Depression or Anxiety

How Does Physical  Therapy Help?

Because of the wide range of symptoms, fibromyalgia can be a debilitating condition. It is not uncommon for people to begin avoiding activities altogether because of pain and fatigue. This begins a cycle of deconditioning that not only impacts the person’s overall health but also makes the symptoms of fibromyalgia worse. The cause of fibromyalgia is currently unknown and there is no cure, so physical therapy treatments are designed to reduce and manage the symptoms. This requires a multi-pronged approach. Common treatments include…

Education

The first step in treating fibromyalgia is often helping people understand what’s going on, and what they can do about it. Research has shown that people who are knowledgeable about their condition have better outcomes, more confidence, and cope better.

Decrease pain levels and improve range of motion

Physical therapists are movement experts with a lot of tools and techniques to help with the pain and stiffness caused by fibromyalgia. A PT might use gentle manual therapy or massage, prescribe specific stretches, or a simple yoga routine. They might also use modalities like electrical stimulation, biofeedback or in states where it is allowed dry needling can also be an effective treatment.

Exercise

Once patients understand the condition and are able to move a little better with less pain, exercise often enters the treatment picture. Research has shown that low to moderate-intensity aerobic exercises like walking, biking, or swimming is important in managing fibromyalgia symptoms. It can help with pain, fatigue, sleep disturbances, depression, and more. Physical therapists and patients work together to find the right type of exercise and the right intensity to best manage fibromyalgia. They often have to start slowly and make adjustments along the way.

Each physical therapy session is tailored to the needs of the patient and will vary depending on the severity of their symptoms. Despite of the fact that there is still no cure for fibromyalgia, physical therapists can help with pain management, strength, mobility, fatigue, and function to help patients find relief from their symptoms.

References and additional information:

Research (peer-reviewed)

  1. Exercises for Fibro – https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/32455853/
  2. Manual therapy for fibro – ​​https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/32604939/
  3. Aquatic PT for fibro – https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/23818412/
  4. Effectiveness of exercise with fatigue, etc for fibro – https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/32721388/
  5. Aerobic exercise for fibro – https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/28636204/

Articles and Content

  1. https://www.choosept.com/guide/physical-therapy-guide-fibromyalgia
  2. https://www.everydayhealth.com/fibromyalgia/aquatic-therapies/
  3. Physical Therapists are poised to treat and manage Pain (AOPT) https://www.orthopt.org/uploads/content_files/files/Pain_Manual_Draft_FINAL_6.25.2021%281%29.pdf

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By |2022-07-18T15:03:02+00:00July 17th, 2022|Fibromyalgia, Neck Pain|Comments Off on Fibromyalgia: What To Do When The Fibro Ignites

About the Author:

Colleen Schutt has held various positions at Onondaga PT over the years and you may have seen her in any of our 5 locations. Colleen is currently our Director of Marketing. She is passionate about spreading the word to the community that Onondaga Physical Therapy is the best choice when you need to return to living, working and playing even better when an injury has set you back.
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